For nearly a decade, 2010 - 2020, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has strategically deployed cloud technology to enable and scale its operations both at home and abroad. Working in some of the more challenging locations around the world, USAID often operates in low network connectivity bandwidth environments that present their own unique security vulnerabilities.
To operate in these harsh operational conditions, USAID adopted cloud technology early. In 2010 they moved to cloud-based email, messaging, and collaboration tools. In 2012, USAID completed nearly all of the goals of the Data Center Optimization Initiative (DCOI) when it consolidated to a single enterprise data center.
Most recently in 2018, USAID successfully migrated the enterprise data center to a hybrid cloud solution with full disaster recovery capability. The new USAID Enterprise Data Center/Disaster Recovery (EDC/DR) solution provides government Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) as well as redundancy for USAID's network and business-critical systems.
In 2019 the Department of Justice (DOJ), Office of the Inspector General (OIG) in conjunction with the Office of the Chief Information Officer (OCIO) evaluated and migrated OIG systems to the DOJ Core Enterprise Facility (CEF) and a commercial Cloud Service Provider (CSP) environment.
In 2011 the General Services Administration (GSA), Office of the Chief Information Officer (OCIO) started migrating to commercial cloud services. GSA migrated first to cloud-based email and collaboration suite followed by successive migrations, using the Application Rationalize process, to migrate larger and more complex systems until all 121 GSA data centers were closed. GSA, OCIO also invested in the workforce (e.g., upskilling, external hires) to develop an organization that had the right technology and human capital. GSA, OCIO identify during their GSA cloud journey that business objectives, workforce, and cloud computing are now intertwined and codependent.
The Cloud Acquisition Team at the General Services Administration (GSA) considers the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Cloud Initiative as a model effort for smart cloud migration. Using the federal cloud strategy Cloud Smart as its guide, NOAA is effectively leveraging the cloud to support its business and mission operations.